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This paper wants to show that the ethics toward strangers, shown in the Book of Deuteronomy, is relevant to use as a guide in living together and is an antithesis to the phenomenon of racism that still occurs today. Racism is a phenomenon of injustice against certain races or groups that are considered different, foreign, and weak. The phenomenon of racism can lead to more significant problems in life, such as conflicts and human tragedies. In contrast, the law in Deuteronomy expressly denies oppression of the "strangers." Thus, understanding can be a basis for living a harmonious life together and far from injustice, including racism. Therefore, this paper offers an approach from a biblical point of view in the Book of Deuteronomy in recognizing whom a stranger (gēr) is while simultaneously demonstrating ethics in behaving towards them. This understanding guides building a harmonious life together in the present context.


Book of Deuteronomy gēr injustice racism social life gēr Kitab Ulangan ketidakadilan kehidupan bermasyarakat rasisme

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