Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi <p>Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi is a scientific journal in the field of theology and mission. Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi has been managed by the Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Injili Arastamar (SETIA) Jakarta since 2018 in print. Starting in 2020, the first semester starts with the Open Journal System. The journal Phronesis: Theology and mission contains scientific articles in the fields of theology, biblical, Systematics, and Mission that promote the novelty of science in the field of Theology. Indonesia is a Christian context experiencing development that is open with ideas that need to be contextualized but maintains biblical teachings.</p> Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Injili Arastamar (SETIA) Jakarta en-US Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2621-2684 <p>Authors who publish in Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi agree to the following terms:<br />1. The author holds the copyright and grants to the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 License</a>, which allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.<br />2. Authors may make additional separate contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the published journal version of the work (for example, posting it to an institutional repository or publishing it in a book) with acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.<br />3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (for example, in institutional repositories or on their websites) before and during the submission process, as this can result in a productive exchange, as well as earlier and larger citations of the published work (See <a href="">Effects of Access Open</a>).</p> EKSPLORASI 2 TIMOTIUS 3:16 DALAM PEMBENTUKAN KARAKTER DAN PERTUMBUHAN IMAN PESERTA DIDIK DI SMP HARVARD SCHOOL <p>Jenis Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif yang memiliki tujuan agar menemukan pemahaman tentang pentingnya membaca Alkitab terhadap pembentukan karakter dan pertumbuhan iman Peserta didik. Alkitab adalah Firman Tuhan yang tak pernah salah dan berkuasa yang diilhamkan Allah langsung kepada penulisnya. Pembentukan karakter sangat diperlukan bagi peserta didik agar meneladani Kristus. Orang percaya yang memiliki persekutuan Pribadi dengan Allah mengenal Allah melalui membaca dan merenungkan Firman Tuhan serta melakukannya di dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Memiliki hubungan yang erat dengan Tuhan serta mengenal Tuhan dapat membuat iman semakin bertumbuh. Teknik pengumpulan data yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan menyebarkan angket untuk menghimpun data. Hasilnya penelitian menunjukkan adanya pengaruh pemahaman tentang pentingnya membaca Alkitab terhadap pembentukan karakter dan pertumbuhan iman peserta didik diterima. Karena itu, diperlukan adanya sinergi antara guru PAK, gereja, dan orang tua untuk pembentukan karakter dan pertumbuhan iman siswa.</p> Gundari Ginting Anjelika Silalahi Romiana Hasugian Rut Soviana Sianturi Yublina Kasse Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 1 14 10.47457/phr.v5i1.212 TUHAN SEBAGAI PENCIPTA: KONSEP PENCIPTAAN JAGAT RAYA BERDASARKAN KITAB KEJADIAN PASAL 1-2 <p><em>God said that the creation of the universe must be complete, as stated in Genesis 1-2. This article is the result of thought and analysis of the creation of the universe. Atheists who do not know God believe that the universe's existence had no beginning. However, Christians believe that the universe exists because of the Creator. The article's purpose is to explain the concept of the creation of the universe based on the Book of Genesis and answer questions about the Creator of the earth. The universe exists because there is a Creator. In this case, Allah states that the world was created in six days. The reality of God's activity and the Word of God cannot be denied as the glory of God who created the universe, namely the heavens and the earth, ex nihilo. Creationism is the foundation of Christianity, as evidenced by the powerful authority of God's Word. Genesis 1-2 describes arguments against and refutation of Science's claims and philosophical views that contradict the validity of the Bible. Thus the existence of the world is because of the Creator. This article shows that God is the Creator of the universe, so the universe exists.</em></p> Ririn Valentina Halawa Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 15 27 10.47457/phr.v5i1.229 SEJARAH DAN DAMPAK KEHADIRAN JEMAAT GLORYA TUATUKA BAGI MASYARAKAT SEKITARNYA <p><em>This research aims to know the context of the GMIT Glorya Tuatuka Congregation and its presence from 1941 to 2021. The method used in this research is a qualitative method with a historical approach. From this research, the following results were obtained: GMIT Glorya Tuatuka congregation, in its history, has reached the age of 80 years on 19 September 2021. This congregation is located in Tuatuka Village, East Kupang, Kupang Regency, East Nusa Tenggara. From the context of the Tuatuka Village, it became a place where members of the GMIT Glorya Tuatuka Congregation grew and developed. The GMIT Glorya Tuatuka congregation has been around for 80 years. This congregation was founded on 19 September 2021. At that time, Rev. H. Haning baptized 25 members of the Tuatuka congregation. This congregation initially worshipped at Babau, then to Mukeana (Kefetoran Am Abi Oefeto), to Gunoedale/Tuatuka Lama, and established a new fellowship in Tuatuka (Laku). Since its founding in the 1970s – today, this congregation has been served by eight Pastors. Thus, for 80 years, members of the GMIT Glorya Tuatuaka Congregation have been served by 16 pastors. Members of this congregation started with 37 family heads, and now there are 224 family heads. Its presence has an impact on the fields of ecclesiastical spirituality, socio-economics, politics, education, customs, and culture.</em></p> Yuda D. Hawu Haba Maria R. A. Pada Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 28 40 10.47457/phr.v5i1.237 PENTINGNYA PENGAJARAN YANG BENAR BAGI GENERASI Z: SEBUAH KAJIAN INTEGRASI TEOLOGI & MEDIA SOSIAL <p><em>Today's technological developments have provided effortless access for the current generation of Generation Z to get the information they need. However, the problem occurs when Generation Z misreads information, one which is information related to the doctrines of the Christian faith. This condition challenges teachers to make Z able to fill the social media space with the correct teachings. Therefore, it is necessary to formulate theological thoughts that are indeed following the development of today's social media. Through an integrative study approach between theology and social media and phenomenological studies related to the problems that arise. So this research produces a combination of theology and social media that contributes to social media content filled with true theology and theology that is open in general because social media bridge it. This research contributes so that Generation Z is not trapped in wrong doctrines in social media.</em></p> Made Nopen Supriadi Yohanes Dian Alpasa Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 41 55 10.47457/phr.v5i1.240 THE URGENCY OF TEXTUAL CRITICISM OF THE NEW TESTAMENT INERRANCY <p>Textual criticism has long existed as part of the hermeneutic discipline. However, many communities reject this approach. Even scientifically, textual criticism provides a new understanding of the scriptures, especially the New Testament. The many variants of the Greek New Testament make textual criticism present to reconstruct the original text of the Greek New Testament. Nevertheless, on the other hand, this scientific development deals with the doctrine of the inerrancy of the Bible. This study attempts to present the logical foundations of the urgency of textual criticism related to the doctrine of the inerrancy of the Bible. This study examines the importance of textual criticism of the inerrancy of the Bible. The approach used is exploratory qualitative. The results showed that the hermeneutic method of textual criticism did not weaken the truth of the Bible. The inerrancy of the Bible is maintained when an interpreter uses this method. The meaning of the text is more understandable and far from error because of the approach to the highlighted New Testament Greek.</p> Valentino Wariki Gernaida Krisna R. Pakpahan Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 56 65 10.47457/phr.v5i1.250 "GENDER STRUCTURE" (BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVE ON GENDER EQUALITY) <p><em>The issue of Gender does not yet have a common ground. Women are always considered weak and helpless human beings. However, in some ethnic groups in Indonesia, the opposite is true. Men are deemed to have no value to women. This study aims to examine the concept of gender equality from a biblical perspective. As the primary source of teaching authority, the Bible provides a solid picture of gender equality. The research method used is exploratory qualitative. The results of the study state that the Bible consistently discusses the principle of gender equality. Because gender equality is essential, many activists voice this principle in the struggle for human rights. Therefore, viewing humans as the noblest created beings is the basis for this struggle for gender equality. Thus, opportunities and responsibilities in all aspects of life own by all humans and created by God.</em></p> Yusak Setianto Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 66 77 10.47457/phr.v5i1.255 MENGAMPUNI (ἀπολυω): SIKAP ETIS YESUS TERHADAP PERCERAIAN – BERDASARKAN MATIUS 19:1-9 <p><em>This article proposes a theological construction of Jesus’ ethical attitude towards divorce. The conflict between the socio-political practice that legalizes divorce and the narrative of religious rhetoric against divorce is the cause of many divorces in Christian families. An understanding of the ethical morality of Christians towards divorce shows that there is an excessive adherence to the biblical text without considering the context. I use hermeneutic principles through the dialectic of the text and the context of the Gospel of Matthew 19:1-9 as the method used by Jesus to understand the reality of the Torah text. This effort aims to assist Pastors in pastoral care when accompanying families who are about to divorce. This article uses a literature research method with a text centred (synchronic) approach and a qualitative method to examine the results of field research. The results showed that the text of Matthew 19:1-9 was about to criticize the attitude of Pharisees who wanted to trap Jesus through the question of divorce. It turns out that Jesus has His own Halakhah, that is, forgiveness to avoid divorce.</em></p> Elsye Mastika Balebu Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 78 93 10.47457/phr.v5i1.258 STRATEGI PENDEKATAN PASTORAL TERHADAP PERKAWINAN KEDUA <p><em>The main problems of writing this article are; first, some couples want to marry for the second time but do not show legal evidence of divorce from the first marriage. Second, they are not preparing for a second marriage through premarital counseling. Third, they are dishonest and open to the failure of the first marriage, so they choose to marry secretly, and certain pastors or churches can accept this. The author would like to explain the pastoral strategy a church pastor carried out in preparing for a second marriage so that it can be accepted in terms of Christian faith, law and culture. The research method used is qualitative research. So it can be concluded that there needs to be a strategy carried out by a pastor in carrying out pastoral care for second marriages so that marriages that will run for a lifetime or are expected to avoid divorce again are guided by a pastoral approach to second marriages. This is necessary to reflect to the world that the church or His people are salt and light so that the name of Jesus Christ is glorified.</em></p> Jonidius Illu Nehemia Nome Riste Tioma Silaen Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 94 107 10.47457/phr.v5i1.262 PERSAMAAN STATUS LAKI-LAKI DAN PEREMPUAN DALAM PANDANGAN ALLAH MENURUT 1 KORINTUS 11:7-11 <p><em>In ancient near eastern times, the phenomenon of status differences or degrees between men and women was considered normal. Even at the time of Jesus, this phenomenon was still powerful. In the religious community, this difference can still be seen by referring to one of the texts of 1 Corinthians 11:7-12. In the text, it can be seen that there is an emphasis on the different positions of men and women who are considered wildly different when they enter into a fellowship. However, theologically all humans are equal before God. Can it be said that it is just and right if this phenomenon continues to be maintained without a more robust and biblical reason? For a reason, analysis verses 7-12, the meaning of the text and context does not emphasize the differences in the degrees of men and women. Instead, it emphasizes the equality of status in the sight of God. Even if women had to cover their heads when entering the worship room at the time, that only referred to the customs or culture of that era which emphasized the element of politeness in the community so that women would not become a stumbling block in the fellowship.</em></p> Hasahatan Hutahaean Yusuf L. M. Arung P Marumbona Nurliani Siregar Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 108 121 10.47457/phr.v5i1.264 PENCIPTAAN MANUSIA SEBAGAI REPRESENTATIF ALLAH UNTUK MEWUJUDKAN MANDAT BUDAYA BERDASARKAN KEJADIAN 1:26-28 <p><em>The understanding of human origins according to philosophical anthropology greatly elevates humans to become equal or even higher than God. On the other hand, there is also a view that tends to reduce the position of humans to be equal like the concept of Homo Sapiens, or lower with other creations which is certainly contrary to the text of the Bible. And ironically, today there are some Christians who are confused about the purpose of God's creation in His Image and Likeness. This study uses a qualitative method with literature study as a data collection technique that is correlated with observation and theological interpretation. Therefore, it is emphasized that humans are creatures created by God in His Image and likeness as men and women who are commensurate with representing themselves as micro theos and microcosms because they are endowed with a unique potential to realize the imperative cultural mandate, namely “to multiply, to multiply. and fill the earth and rule over it according to God's purpose according to Genesis 1:26-28.”</em></p> Sensius Amon Karlau Copyright (c) 2022 Phronesis: Jurnal Teologi dan Misi 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 1 122 138 10.47457/phr.v5i1.265